69) were negatively correlated with satisfaction. Anxious tone of voice used by clinicians had BYL719 price a fair, positive Modulators correlation (r = 0.32), and verbal expressions of anxiety had a fair, negative correlation (r =-0.33) with satisfaction with consultation. Interaction style: The use of a caring interaction style that showed support for patients (ie, clinicians being sensitive, friendly, relaxed, and open) was examined in two studies (Haskard et al 2009, Street and Buller 1987). The pooled data showed this clinician behaviour had a moderate, positive correlation with satisfaction with consultation (pooled r = 0.51, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.60, n = 273) (Figure 4). Individual studies showed that clinicians being nervous, uncooperative
or hurried had a fair, negative correlation with satisfaction buy Epacadostat (r =-0.34) whereas being professional when interacting with patients had a fair, positive correlation (r = 0.36) (Table 5). Being professional is defined as clinicians being competent, active, efficient, and interested (Haskard et al 2009). Correlation between communication factors and satisfaction with treatment was investigated for only two factors. Verbal affect (r = 0.34, 95% CI 0.09 to 0.55) had a fair, positive correlation with satisfaction with treatment approach (Oths 1994), whereas length of treatment (nonverbal) was poorly
correlated (r = 0.12, 95% CI –0.15 to 0.37) (Oths 1994) (Table 6). Correlations between communication factors and satisfaction with clinical outcomes, such as symptom relief, were not assessed in any of the studies. Correlation values were not reported for 21 of the identified factors. The significance of the association estimates was provided using p values for 12 of these factors. Use of forward leaning (p < 0.01) and body orientation (p = 0.05) to facilitate and involve patients was reported as being positively associated with satisfaction with consultation (Larsen and Smith 1981). Clinicians showing affect (p < 0.01) (Gilbert and Hayes 2009), clinician
attention (p < 0.00001) (Gilbert and Hayes 2009, Pereira and Azevedo 2005), socio-emotional communication (p = 0.024) (Graugaard et al 2005), punctuality Sclareol (p < 0.002) and being communicative (p < 0.05) (Pereira and Azevedo 2005) were also reported as being positively associated with satisfaction with care. Backward leaning (p < 0.01), neck relaxation (p < 0 .01), touching (p < 0.05) (Larsen and Smith 1981) and clinicians expressing concern (p < 0.01) (Gilbert and Hayes 2009) when used in facilitation and involvement of patients were reported as being negatively associated with satisfaction. Among other identified factors not reporting correlation values, no association was reported for verbal dominance (Graugaard et al 2005). Interestingly higher satisfaction with consultation was found when clinicians used a patient-centred care approach compared to cliniciancentred, biomedical and biopsychosocial approaches (p = 0.