At 24 h after CLP, however, c-fos expression was strongly decreas

At 24 h after CLP, however, c-fos expression was strongly decreased in all these nuclei (P < 0.05), except for the VLM. Aminoguanidine reduced c-fos expression in the AP and NTS at 6 h after CLR but showed an opposite effect at 24 h, with an increase in the AP, NTS, and also in the VLM. No such effect was observed

in the LC and PB at 6 or 24 h. In all control animals, c-fos expression was minimal or absent. We conclude that in the early phase of sepsis iNOS-derived NO may be partially responsible for the activation of brain structures related to cardiovascular regulation. During the late phase, however, this activation is reduced or abolished. (C) 2009 Elsevier Saracatinib in vitro Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Exposure to Escherichia coli O157:H7 may result in subclinical kidney injury manifesting as hypertension during pregnancy. We evaluated the risk of pregnancy-related hypertension (PRH) among previously healthy females from the Walkerton Health Study, Canada (2002-6), who conceived within five years of exposure to bacteria-contaminated drinking water. Ontario Ministry of Health Antenatal forms were used to determine outcomes and risk factors. PRH was defined as any systolic or diastolic blood pressure (BP) >= 140 mm Hg and >= 90 mm Hg, respectively. Chronic and gestational hypertension were defined, respectively, as elevated

BP observed prior to or at >= 20 weeks gestation. Risk of PRH was evaluated using a modified Poisson regression model that controlled for known risk factors.

Of 148 eligible pregnancies, antenatal audits with blood pressure data were available Selleckchem Adriamycin for 135. PRH was detected in 20.7% pregnancies, of which 6.7% were chronic hypertension during and 14.1% gestational hypertension. Although nonsignificant, we observed a consistent trend toward higher rates of PRH and mean arterial pressure, particularly prior to 20 weeks gestation, among women who reported symptomatic gastroenteritis compared to asymptomatic women. BP should be monitored closely in women after exposure to contaminated water.”
“Previous studies have shown that acute stress stimulates colonic motor function via a central corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) in rodents. However, little is known whether colonic motility is altered following chronic stress. We studied the changes of colonic motor function in response to chronic stress or daily administration of CRF in rats. Rats were subjected to restraint stress for 90 min for 5 consecutive days (chronic stress). Another group of rats received intracisternal (IC)-injection of CRF (1 mu g) for 5 consecutive days. At the 1 st day of restraint stress, calculated motility index was significantly increased by over 200% of basal in the proximal and distal colon. Similar results were obtained in response to the 2nd and 3rd day of restraint stress.

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