Furthermore, DHMEQ significantly ameliorated TNBS colitis as asse

Furthermore, DHMEQ significantly ameliorated TNBS colitis as assessed by body-weight changes and histological scores.

Conclusion: DHMEQ ameliorated experimental colitis in mice. These results indicate that DHMEQ appears to be an attractive therapeutic agent for IBD. (C) 2011 European Crohn’s and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Background: It has been shown that glucose degradation products (GDP) generated during heat sterilization

of peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids impair the peritoneal membrane locally, then enter the systemic circulation and cause damage to the remnant kidney. Here we examined in subtotally nephrectomized (SNX) rats whether GDP also affect the cardiovascular system.

Materials and Methods: Standard 5/6 nephrectomy was carried out in Sprague-Dawley rats; other rats were sham operated and left untreated for 3 weeks. Through an osmotic mini-pump, SNX+GDP group received GDP intravenously Angiogenesis inhibitor for 4 weeks; the SNX and the sham-operated groups remained

without GDP. The experiment was terminated for all groups 7 weeks postoperatively. We analyzed cardiovascular damage by serum analyses and immunohistochemical investigation.

Results: In SNX+GDP animals, expression of the advanced glycation end product (AGE) marker carboxymethyllysine and receptor of AGE (RAGE) were significantly higher in the myocardium and the aorta compared to the SNX rats. We also found significantly higher levels of apoptosis measured by caspase 3 staining in the BI-D1870 mouse cardiovascular system in the SNX+GDP

group. Moreover, we observed a more pronounced expression of oxidative stress in the SNX+GDP rats compared to the SNX rats. In serum analyses, advanced oxidation protein products and reactive oxygen species were increased, as was immunohistochemical endothelial nitric oxide synthase.

Conclusions: In addition www.selleckchem.com/products/pha-848125.html to local toxic effects, GDP cause systemic toxicity. Here we showed that, in SNX rats, administration of GDP increased cardiovascular damage. In particular, we found increased levels of AGE, RAGE, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Whether these findings are of clinical relevance has to be further investigated.”
“Background and aims: Leukocyte infiltration, up-regulation of proinflammatory cytokines and severe oxidative stress caused by increased amounts of reactive oxygen species are characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease. The catechin (2R,3R)-2-(3,4,5-Trihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-benzopyran-3,5,7-triol-3-(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate), named epigallocatechin-3-gallate, EGCG, has been demonstrated to exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties, reducing reactive oxygen species in the inflamed tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of EGCG in a murine model of colitis induced by oral administration of dextran sodium sulfate.

Methods: Mice received a daily oral administration of 6.9 mg/kg body weight EGCG or Piper nigrum (L.

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