Upon completion of thermal cycling, all amplified product was tra

Upon completion of thermal cycling, all amplified product was transferred to the dilution chamber containing MapMarker® http://www.selleckchem.com/products/sch772984.html DY632-500 bp size standard (Bioventures). The diluted PCR product was passed through a heat denaturing zone (95 °C) prior to injection into the capillary array. The fragments were separated and detected,

and the electropherograms were processed with the IntegenX trace analysis software. The trace analysis software baselines the data, performs multicomponent analysis to correct for spectral overlap and uniformly rescales the fluorescence intensity of all data and generates an electropherogram trace file in the fsa file format. The signal intensity of all data points is multiplied by 0.0145 (29,000/2 × 106 RFU) to uniformly rescale the data from the 2 × 106 RFU dynamic range of the RapidHIT to the maximum of 29,000 RFU for the fsa Ulixertinib chemical structure file format to enable import into GeneMarker software (SoftGenetics, State College, PA).

The analytical and stochastic thresholds (AT and ST) are calculated on a per run, per locus basis. Briefly, to calculate the AT, the peak morphology algorithm identifies all non-allele peak amplitudes >1 RFU within the defined marker range at each locus. This data for each locus are fitted to a Gaussian curve and a median value and standard deviation are calculated. The default AT is set using the median value plus 15 times the standard deviation to minimize non-allele calls. The AT value can be user defined based on internal validation studies. The default ST factor of 2 was calculated using 1/0.5 heterozygote peak height ratio. Etofibrate This factor is then applied to calculate ST (i.e. ST = 2 times the AT value).

The ST factor can also be user defined based on the minimum observed peak height ratio during internal validation studies at which a sister allele of a heterozygous pair does not stochastically drop out. Files in fsa format and the AT and ST values calculated for the run are automatically imported into GeneMarker HID Auto software embedded in the system where peak detection, peak sizing and allele identification occurs. All profiles generated were subjected to manual review to confirm genotype quality. Heterozygote peak height ratio (also known as intralocus balance) was calculated by dividing the lower allele peak height of the heterozygous individual by the higher allele peak height and the result expressed as a percentage. Overall average peak height for a sample was determined by first averaging heterozygous peaks and dividing the homozygous peaks in half, then calculating the average. Intracolor peak height balance was calculated by first averaging heterozygous peaks and dividing the homozygous peaks in half.

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