While the dynamic ILM approach is suitable for lifetimes exceeding 10 mu s, a combination with steady-state ILM is required to measure lifetime values in the range of 1 mu s. The injection dependence does not hamper a correct determination of the carrier lifetime by the dynamic evaluation procedure.”
“Polyesters (PEs) containing two heteroatoms (Si and/or Ge) in the main chain, derived
from the acid dichlorides bis(4-chloroformylphenyl) ethyl methylsilane, bis(4-chloroformylphenyl) diethylsilane, bis(4-chloroformylphenyl) diethylgermane, and bis(4-chloroformylphenyl) di-”"butylgermane and from the diphenols bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) ethylmethylsilane, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) diethylsilane, URMC-099 manufacturer bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) diethylgermane, and bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) di-butylgermane, were synthesized under phase-transfer Alvocidib clinical trial conditions
with three quaternary ammonium salts as phase-transfer catalysts and three NaOH concentrations in the aqueous phase. PEs were characterized with IR and NMR spectroscopy, including (29)Si-NMR. In general, the yields and intrinsic viscosities were low, and in some cases, an increase in these parameters was shown as a result of the catalyst effect. An increase in the NaOH concentration caused a decrease in the yields because of a hydrolytic process. PEs with Si were thermally more stable than those with Ge. The glass-transition temperatures decreased when the side chains bonded to the heteroatoms were longer. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 114:1080-1085, 2009″
“We prepared Fe3O4 Pevonedistat inhibitor magnetic nanoparticles having diameters of approximately 12 nm by chemical coprecipitation, which were coated with three different fatty acid surfactants: oleic acid, lauric acid, and myristic acid. From x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Moumlssbauer spectroscopy measurements we confirmed that Fe3O4 is the only phase present in the samples. The zero field cooled magnetization curves for the nanoparticles exhibit broad
peaks, consistent with superparamagnetic blocking for the polydisperse samples, and a saturation magnetization smaller than that for bulk Fe3O4. Although there are minimal differences in the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles having different surfactants, we find significant changes in the hydrodynamic response depending on chain length. Hyperthermia measurements show considerably larger response for oleic acid-coated samples, while magneto-optical studies indicate that these samples have slower dynamics of aggregation under the influence of a dc field. These results suggest that the magnetohydrodynamic response of ferrofluids can be controlled by judiciously selecting appropriate surfactants.