Supportive, it GSK-J4 was shown that the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in Microcystis aeruginosa PCC 7806 occurs essentially during the light period and that they may interact with the diurnal part of the central metabolism ( Straub et al., 2011). Even diverse
marine microbial species can respond synchronously as found by genome-wide transcription profiles of coherent microbial populations followed over two days ( Ottesen et al., 2013). Thus, multispecies metabolic processes are coordinated in time shaping marine biogeochemical cycles ( Ottesen et al., 2013). Still it is unknown whether each species population responds independently to the same environmental cues using its own timing and signaling system or whether species populations are also affected by inter-species communication
( Ottesen et al., 2013). Small signaling molecules may play an important role for a coordinated multispecies response ( Ng and Bassler, 2009). However, Bioactive Compound Library research buy there are diverse timing systems around and elucidation of molecular mechanisms and putative inter-species communication will provide further insight into marine population dynamics. Cyanobacteria potentially are able to switch off the internal clock under certain environmental conditions. For example, S. elongatus showed the highest fitness at low temperature when circadian gene expression was suppressed post-transcriptionally ( Xu et al., 2013). Furthermore, it has been shown that MED4 has lost the protein KaiA and therefore very probably possesses an hourglass-like timing mechanism. Consequently, the trade-off between the benefit and the costs of a circadian clock may vary within different species of Cyanobacteria. However, rhythms of metabolism, in particular redox
rhythms, have been discovered in almost all model organisms ranging from Archaea (Halobacterium salinarum NRC-1), Cyanobacteria (S. elongatus), Plants (Arabidopsis) to Mammals (mouse) and are suggested to be the most ancient and widely used timing mechanism ( Edgar et al., 2012). The authors of this study also infer that organisms with redox rhythms will always exhibit also a circadian rhythm. Palmatine Very recently, temperature-dependent metabolic rhythms shorter than 24 h, so called ultradian rhythms, have been observed for a cyanobacterium, Cyanothece, when grown under continuous light suggesting ultradian and circadian timing mechanisms to run in a single cell ( Cerveny et al., 2013). It remains an open question whether these rhythms will hold true for all Cyanobacteria. This study was supported by the DFG to I.M.A. and A.W. (AX 84/1-1 and Wi2014/5-1). “
“Pseudomonads demonstrate considerable metabolic diversity and are consequently able to colonize a wide range of niches. The Pseudomonas monteilii species was first identified by Elomari ( Elomari et al., 1997). Most P.