Ten rare ground beetles species were only captured from waste dumps. No clearly, unambiguous pattern was observed concerning distinctions in assemblages in relation to selected environmental variables, however, trees and shrub vegetation as well as soil moisture apparently affected community distinctions between studied habitats. We concluded, that reclaimed waste dumps as well as illegal waste dumps under different stages of succession could support surface dwelling soil macrofauna BMS-754807 functional and the ground beetle species diversity in the agricultural landscape. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
review\n\nChediak-Higashi syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive disorder, was described over 50 years ago. Patients show hypopigmentation, recurrent infections, mild coagulation defects and varying neurologic problems. Treatment is bone marrow transplant, which is effective in treating the hematologic and immune defects, however the neurologic problems persist. The CHS1/LYST gene was identified over 10 years ago and homologous CHS1/LYST genes are present in all eukaryotes. This review will discuss the advances made in understanding the clinical aspects of the syndrome
and the function of CHS1/LYST/Beige.\n\nRecent findings\n\nClinical reports of Chediak-Higashi syndrome have identified mutations throughout the CHS1/LYST gene. The nature of the mutation can be a predictor of the severity of the disease. Over the past decade the Selleckchem GDC 0032 CHS1/LYST family of proteins has been analyzed using model organisms, two-hybrid analysis, overexpression phenotypes and dominant negatives. These studies suggest that the CHS1/LYST protein is involved in either vesicle fusion or fission.\n\nSummary\n\nAlthough click here CHS is a rare disease, the Chediak-like family of proteins is providing insight
into the regulation of vesicle trafficking. Understanding the basic mechanisms that govern vesicle trafficking will provide essential information regarding how loss of CHS1/LYST affects hematologic, immunologic and neurologic processes.”
“Concentrations of Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb and Fe in the top-soils (0-10 cm) from urbanized and un-urbanized areas of Havana city were measured by X-ray fluorescence analysis. The mean Co, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb contents in the urban topsoil samples (13.9 +/- 4.1, 66 +/- 26, 101 +/- 51, 240 +/- 132 and 101 +/- 161 mg kg(-1), respectively) were compared with mean concentrations for other cities around the world. The results revealed the highest concentrations of metals in topsoil samples from industrial sites. Lowest metal contents were determined in the un-urbanized areas.