Soluble and insoluble
(guanidine-extractable) pAβ level was measured by ELISA in the midfrontal and parahippocampal cortex in sporadic AD (N = 20, 10 with Braak tangle stages of III-IV and 10 of stages V-VI), DLB (N = 10), VaD (N = 10) and age-matched controls (N = 20). We found pAβ to be associated with only a subset of Aβ plaques and vascular deposits in sporadic and familial AD, with absent or minimal immunohistochemically detectable pAβ in control, DLB and VaD brains. In both brain regions, insoluble pAβ level was significantly elevated only in advanced AD (Braak tangle stage of V or VI) and in the parahippocampus soluble and insoluble pAβ level increased with the number of APOE ε4 alleles. Microbiology inhibitor These results indicate that
pAβ accumulation in the parenchyma and vasculature is largely restricted to late-stage AD (Braak tangle stage V – VI). “
“Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme involved in lipid metabolism. Previous studies have shown that the levels of brain LPL mRNA, protein and activity are up-regulated after brain and nerve injury. The aim of this study was to determine the response of expression and activity of brain LPL following acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to surgical occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. The expression of brain LPL was assessed by immunohistochemical staining and the enzyme activity of brain LPL was evaluated by colorimetric method. Increase of LPL immunopositive cells in the cerebral cortex around the infarction area was observed at 4, 6, 12 h ischemia, 2 h ischemia 2 h reperfusion, and 4 h ischemia 2 h reperfusion. LPL activity click here was significantly decreased in the ischemic side cortex at 2 h ischemia, and then significantly increased at 4 and 6 h ischemia. Our results showed that LPL immunopositive cells were increased in the cortex around the infarction area, and activity of LPL first decreased and then increased following acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. These results may suggest that LPL plays a potential role in the pathophysiological response of the brain to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. “
(PPS) characterized Interleukin-2 receptor by new neuromuscular problems can appear many years after acute poliomyelitis in polio survivors. We report a 77-year-old man with antecedent poliomyelitis who newly developed neuromuscular disease with a clinical course of 27 years, the final 10 years of which were characterized by apparent progression, thus raising doubt as to the clinical diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) following PPS. Pathologically, plaque-like, old poliomyelitis lesions were found almost exclusively in the lumbosacral cord, showing complete neuronal loss and glial scars in the anterior horns. Although less severe, neuronal loss and gliosis were also evident outside the old lesions, including the intermediate zone.