How, for instance, can actual policy goals, serving specific functions within the CFP, be turned into outcome targets of an RBM system? What does it take for a group of fishermen to make the leap from a micro-managed environment of the CFP
to become competent co-managers within an RBM system? How can the division of responsibilities between authority and operator, essential to the RBM model, be adapted to work within the CFP, where the responsibility for resource conservation is vested in EU institutions and cannot be formally delegated? Two cases are described and compared in order to address these issues. The cases are Veliparib ic50 chosen to illustrate RBM in fisheries that differ on a range of important dimensions. The first case, Catch Quota Management, has emerged as a pilot project within a CFP context. This is a case of RBM on a vessel basis: the vessel is granted an additional catch allowance, provided that it also accepts an additional “burden of evidence”. Here, limited resource management responsibility is delegated to resource users, and no collaborative organizational work and planning
by resource users is involved. The second case, New Zealand Rock Lobster management, involves substantial delegation of management and research responsibility to resource user organizations regarding a resource selleck kinase inhibitor of high commercial importance. Here, industry organizations have acquired a significant role of in resource management on national and regional levels in the course of decades. Taken together, the two cases illustrate that the concept of RBM represent a flexible and versatile approach, spanning from limited to substantial involvement of
Dichloromethane dehalogenase resource users in management and research processes. In recent years, several RBM inspired approaches have been initiated within a CFP context. Two notable examples include the instrument of ‘catch quota management’ as opposed to management focused on landing quotas, and the opportunities for member states to obtain additional effort allocations within the EU’s “long term management for cod” provided that they documented “cod avoidance” in specific fisheries . The former example will be used to illustrate RBM at a vessel level. Catch quota management (CQM) involves management and documentation of catches (which include discards) as opposed to management and control of landings. Proposed by the Danish government, a CQM system was first tested in Europe in the years 2008 and 2009 in a pilot project, which involved remote electronic monitoring of the catches of six Danish vessels fishing for cod . The project has been continued and extended since then, and other CQM projects have been carried out in the Scotland , England  and Germany. The catches of the vessels participating in CQM were continuously filmed by Closed Circuit Television cameras (CCTV), and the images were later used to estimate discard volumes and catch compositions.