We make suggestions

for metrics that better measure disea

We make suggestions

for metrics that better measure disease impact and show the benefits of more rigorous evaluation before reviewing recent attempts to measure the importance of disease to the poor. High impact of a disease does not guarantee high benefits from its control; other factors must be taken into consideration, including technical feasibility and political desirability. We conclude by considering how we might better understand and exploit the roles of livestock and improved animal health Alvocidib Cell Cycle inhibitor by posing three speculative questions on the impact of livestock diseases and their control on global poverty: how can understanding livestock and poverty links help disease control?; if global poverty reduction was the aim of livestock disease control, how would it differ from the current model?; and how much of the impact of livestock disease on poverty is due to disease control policy rather than disease itself?”
“A winding machine with heat treatment was newly developed to strengthen ramie yarns. During the treatment process, ramie yarn in normal or wet state was wound on a winding machine and passed continuously through a heater at 100 and 150 degrees C, respectively, with different winding speeds and tensions. Higher tensile strength and stiffness of ramie yarn was achieved after heat

treatment on wet yarn and winding speed had a significant influence on the tensile properties of yarns. Pevonedistat mouse However, a little decline in tensile strength was found for ramie yarns after heat treatment in normal state.

PCI-32765 supplier This implies that the water-swollened structure of ramie yarn during the heat treatment is crucial in strengthening yarns. In the case of heat treatment on wet yarns, the effect of winding tension on the tensile properties of yarns was studied. It was found that the tensile strengths and Young’s moduli of ramie yarns first increased and then reached equilibrium as the winding tension was increased. The crystallinity calculated from X-ray diffraction diagrams showed a slight decrease in heat-treated ramie yarns whereas the crystalline orientation factors had no appreciable change. It was considered that the improved effect was related to the more oriented molecular chains in amorphous region and optimized yarn structure. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 118: 685-692, 2010″
“In this work a method for the spatially resolved detection of the Cr point defect distribution in p-type silicon based on photoluminescence imaging was developed and successfully applied on monocrystalline and multicrystalline wafers. Chromium was identified by its metastable defect configuration and the association time during the formation of chromium-boron pairs. Further defects which could influence the Cr concentration determination have been studied and their influence was suppressed.

(c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved “
“The structural

(c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The structural dependence of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of itinerant permanent magnets (or nanostructures of iron-series 3d elements) is

investigated by model and tight-binding calculations. Magnetic nanostructures yield strong oscillations of the anisotropy as a function of the number of d electrons per atom, which can be tuned by alloying. While interatomic hopping is usually more important in metals than crystal-field interactions, we find substantial crystal-field corrections for some configurations, especially for the atomic square. Finally, we compare our results with Neel model. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3339780]“
“BACKGROUND: Lung transplant check details recipients experience persistent impairments in exercise capacity and skeletal muscle function despite a vast improvement in lung function

after transplantation. Exercise training may be beneficial in improving exercise capacity in lung transplant selleck kinase inhibitor recipients. A systematic review was undertaken to examine the evidence for exercise training on functional outcomes in lung transplant recipients.

METHODS: Studies were identified by searching electronic databases and scanning reference lists. Only randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, and prospective cohorts were included in the review. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria. Study quality was assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Jadad, and Downs scales.

RESULTS: The overall quality of studies was fair to moderate in assessing the effect of exercise training on maximal and functional exercise capacity, skeletal muscle function, and lumbar bone mineral density. Every study reported significant improvements in these outcomes. Some studies lacked randomization and/or a control group, so it was not possible to separate the effects of training with the natural recovery process after lung transplantation.

CONCLUSION: Some evidence was found to support that a period of structured exercise training could improve maximal

and functional exercise capacity, skeletal muscle strength, and lumbar bone mineral density in lung transplant recipients. Further studies are needed to determine the potential PCI-32765 clinical trial for exercise training to optimize these functional outcomes and to develop optimal guidelines for exercise prescription in the lung transplant population. J Heart Lung Transplant 2010;29:497-503 Crown Copyright (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Numerous studies have revealed the extent of genetic and phenotypic variation between both species and cultivars of tomato. Using a series of tomato lines resulting from crosses between a cherry tomato and three independent large fruit cultivar (Levovil, VilB, and VilD), extensive profiling of both central primary metabolism and volatile organic components of the fruit was performed.

“The Regulation of Coagulation in Major Orthopedic surgery

“The Regulation of Coagulation in Major Orthopedic surgery reducing the Risk of DVT and PE (RECORD) clinical program of rivaroxaban consists of 4 phase III clinical trials comparing rivaroxaban with enoxaparin for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing either total hip or total knee replacement surgery. Despite the comprehensive and extensive nature of this program, it had some logistic issues that included the dosing of the enoxaparin which was not only inconsistent

with the recommendations but the dosages used were not optimal. The duration of treatment while consistent with rivaroxaban did vary with enoxaparin and was somewhat short. The bleeding definitions and safety evaluations were not consistent in accordance with the Current recommendations. Moreover, the RECORD program has check details no power to show differences in major bleeding. The cardiovascular rebound phenomenon should have been adequately

addressed and may require additional clinical validation to establish the safety of rivaroxaban. Although the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory committee has recommended approval of rivaroxaban, the reported analysis strongly suggests additional clinical validation on the claimed benefit/risk ratio of this monotherapeutic anticoagulant.”
“Recently, a contaminant buy ML323 was found in some clinically used Unfractionated heparin (UFH) preparations. Administration of this UFH was associated MK2206 with an increased risk of developing a wide range

of adverse effects including death. To further investigate the chemical profile of the contaminant, contaminated batches of UFH were treated by exhaustive nitrous acid depolymerization followed by methanol precipitation to remove heparin oligosaccharides. Because contaminated heparins may have been used as starting material in the production of low-molecular-weight hepatitis (LMWHs), a similar procedure was carried Out using an experimental batch of enoxaparin prepared from contaminated heparin. While high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of contaminated heparin did not distinguish the presence of the contaminant, it Could readily be observed as a high-molecular weight Shoulder in the elution Profile of contaminated enoxaparin. Digesting contaminated heparin with heparinase-I prior to HPLC analysis showed the presence of a nondigestible component (15%-30% of the mixture). This contaminant was also resistant to degradation by chondroitinases A, B, and C. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) indicated that the contaminant was oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (OSCS). Size-exclusion chromatography indicated that the mean molecular weight of the OSCS was 16.8 kD, comparable to that of a synthetic porcine cartilage OSCS preparation that Was used as a reference material (17.2 kD).

Methods This prospective

study involved 38 consecutive p

Methods. This prospective

study involved 38 consecutive patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation who were scheduled for mitral valve replacement. The longitudinal strain and strain rate in the interventricular septum were measured Mocetinostat ic50 preoperatively using speckle-tracking echocardiography and TDI. The LVEF was determined preoperatively and postoperatively using 3-dimensional echocardiography. Echocardiographic assessments were performed in the 48 hours prior to surgery and 6 months postoperatively.

Results. The patients’ mean age was 59.9 +/- 11.3 years and 10 (29.4%) were male. Both speckle-tracking echocardiography and TDI were found to be predictors of a >10% decrease in LVEF at 6 months. However, the predictive value of speckle-tracking echocardiography was greater than that of TDI. The longitudinal strain at baseline in the interventricular septum as measured by speckle-tracking echocardiography was the most powerful predictor; MEK inhibitor side effects the area under the curve was 0.85 and the optimal cut-off value was -0.11.

Conclusions. Speckle-tracking echocardiography can be used to predict a decrease in LVEF over the medium term after mitral valve replacement. Moreover, the predictive accuracy of speckle-tracking echocardiography was greater than that of TDI.”
“Solid polymer electrolytes based on poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) complexed with ammonium sulfate (NH4)(2)SO4 at different weight percent ratios were prepared

using solution cast technique. The structural properties of these electrolyte films were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The XRD data revealed that the amorphous domains of PVA polymer matrix increased with the increase of ammonium sulfate added up to 5 wt %, after which

the degree of crystallinity increases. The complexation of the salt with the polymer was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Electrical conductivity was measured in the temperature range of 303-373 K. The conductivity was found to obey Arrhenius formula. The dielectric permittivity epsilon’ was studied as function of temperature and frequency, respectively. signaling pathway The data showed increasing in epsilon’ values with the increase in temperature while decreased with increase in frequency for polymer electrolyte system up to 10% of ammonium sulfate added. For values of addition greater than 10%, epsilon’ is independent of both temperature and frequency. The ac conductivity is found to obey the power relation. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 116: 1213-1217, 2010″
“Introduction and objectives. Prognosis and in-hospital management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and a history of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are still debated. The objective of this study was to characterize ACS patients with a CABG and to compare their in-hospital and postdischarge outcomes with those of patients without a CABG.


Results Of the 228 047 asthma patients, fixed-dose combination (

Results. Of the 228 047 asthma patients, fixed-dose combination (FDC) LABAs were used by the majority of patients (96%). Prior use of ICS or LTRAs was observed in 64% and 31% of SI and FDC LABA incident episodes, respectively.

The median MCR for SI LABAs was 62%. Approximately half of the patients met at least one criterion for poorly controlled asthma prior to LABA use. Conclusions. Substantial proportion of patients was prescribed LABAs without prior use of ICS or LTRAs, or other indicators of poor asthma control. These findings find more suggest that asthma guidelines were not entirely followed in clinical practice during the study period.”
“To minimize morbidity and mortality associated with surgery risks in the

obese patient, algorithms offer planning operative strategy. Because these algorithms often classify patients G418 nmr based on inadequate category granularity, outcomes may not be predicted accurately. We reviewed patient factors and patient outcomes for those who had undergone bariatric surgical procedures to determine relationships and developed a nomogram to calculate individualized patient risk.

From the American College of Surgeons National Security Quality Improvement Program database, we identified 32,426 bariatric surgery patients meeting NIH criteria and treated between 2005 and 2008. We defined a composite binary outcome of 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality. A predictive model based buy AZD3965 on preoperative variables was developed using multivariable logistic regression; a multiple imputation procedure allowed inclusions of observations with missing data. Model performance was assessed using the C-statistic. A calibration plot graphically assessed the agreement between predicted and observed probabilities in regard to 30-day morbidity/mortality.

The nomogram model was constructed for maximal predictive accuracy. The estimated C-statistic [95% confidence interval] for the predictive nomogram was 0.629 [0.614, 0.645], indicative of slight to moderate discriminative

ability beyond that of chance alone, and the greatest impacts on the estimated probability of morbidity/mortality were determined to be age, body mass index, serum albumin, and functional status.

By accurately predicting 30-day morbidity and mortality, this nomogram may prove useful in patient preoperative counseling on postoperative complication risk. Our results additionally indicate that neither age nor presence of obesity-related comorbidities should exclude patients from bariatric surgery consideration.”
“The EUPHRATES trial (Evaluating Use of Polymyxin B Hemoperfusion in a Randomized Controlled Trial of Adults Treated for Endotoxemia and Septic Shock) is the first biomarker-driven trial in sepsis. This unique trial is being run in a blinded manner, further contributing to the robustness of its design.

The objective of this study is to compare robot-assisted radical

The objective of this study is to compare robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) and ORC in elderly patients.

Patients and Methods: A prospective bladder cancer cystectomy selleck products database was queried to identify all patients age 75 years. A total of 20 patients were identified for each of the RARC and ORC cohorts. A retrospective analysis was performed on these 40 patients undergoing radical cystectomy for curative intent.

Results: Patients in both groups had comparable preoperative characteristics and demographics. Patients had significant medical comorbidities with 80% in each cohort having American Society

of anesthesiologists classification of 3 and 50% having had previous abdominal surgery. Complete median operative times for RARC was 461 (interquartile range [IQR] 331, 554) vs 370 minutes for ORC (IQR 294, 460) (P = 0.056); however, median blood loss for RARC was 275 mL (IQR 150, 450) vs 600 mL for ORC (IQR 500, 1925). The median hospital stay for RARC was 7 days (IQR 5, 8) vs 14.5 days for ORC (IQR 8, 22) (P < 0.001). The major complication (Clavien >= III) rate for RARC was 10% compared with 35% for ORC (P = 0.024). There were two positive margins

in the ORC group compared with one in the RARC BMS-754807 cell line group with median LN yields of 15 nodes (IQR 11, 22) and 17 nodes (IQR 10, 25) (P = 0.560) respectively.

Conclusions: In a comparable cohort of elderly patients, RARC can achieve similar perioperative outcomes without compromising pathologic outcomes, with less blood loss and

shorter hospital stays. For an experienced robotic team, RARC SIS3 in vivo should be considered in elderly patients because it may offer significant advantage with respect to perioperative morbidity over ORC.”
“Inflammatory skin disorder aggravates when a horrific memory is evoked, but the mechanism of this effect is unclear. The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of evocation of a horrific memory on the skin and mast cells in an animal model. A sound stimulus linked to an electric shock was given to C57BL/6 mice (7-week old, males). One, 3 and 5 days later, the mice received the sound stimulus again. The reactions of mice that received the initial sound stimulus were compared with those of mice that did not receive the initial stimulus. A freezing phenomenon was observed when the sound stimulus was given to mice that received the initial stimulus, which indicated evocation of a past memory of fear. The degranulation rate of dermal mast cells and the length of substance P (SP)-positive nerve fibers of the skin significantly increased on days 1 and 3, the SP level decreased significantly, and the number of SP-expressing cells in the dorsal root ganglion significantly increased on day 1. These findings suggest that prior experience of severe stress linked to a stimulus subsequently evokes fear associated with the same stimulus and results in activation of dermal mast cells and skin nerves.

(i) Models of homerange formation describe the process of an anim

(i) Models of homerange formation describe the process of an animal ‘settling down’, accomplished by including one or more focal points that attract the animal’s movements. (ii) Memory-based models are used to predict how accumulated experience translates into biased movement choices, employing reinforced random walk behaviour, with previous visitation increasing or decreasing the probability of repetition. (iii) Levy movement involves a step-length distribution

that is over-dispersed, relative to standard probability distributions, and adaptive in exploring new environments or searching for rare targets. Each of these modelling arenas implies more detail in the movement pattern than general models of movement can accommodate, but realistic empiric evaluation of their predictions requires dense locational data, both in time and space, only STA-9090 available with modern GPS telemetry.”
“We report what we believe is the first experimental limit placed on plant biomagnetism. Measurements with a sensitive atomic magnetometer were performed on the Titan arum (Amorphophallus titanum) inflorescence, known for its fast biochemical

processes while blooming. We find that the magnetic field from these processes, projected along the Earth’s magnetic field, and measured at the surface of the plant, is less than or similar Selleck AZD1480 to 0.6 mu G. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3560920]“
“A new diimide-diacid, 2,2′-(5-(4-(4-(4,5-diphenyil-1H-imidazol-2-yl) phenoxy)phenylcarbam-oyl)-1,3-phenylenebis(1,3-dioxoisoindoline-5-carboxylic-acid)(DADA),

was synthesized from the reaction https://www.selleckchem.com/products/SB-202190.html between trimellitic anhydride and a new diamine, N-(4-(4-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl)phenoxylphenyl)-3,5-diaminobenzamide(NIDA). The direct polycondensation of DADA with various diamines was carried out in NMP in the presence of triphenylposphite and pyridine as condensing agents. The resulting poly(amide-imide)s (PAIs) were amorphous, readily soluble in many polar aprotic solvents and showed inherent viscosities of 0.35-0.47 dL/g. According to thermal analysis, these polymers exhibited glass transition temperatures (T(g)s) in the range of 207-271 degrees C, and their initial decomposition temperature (T(i)) varied from 260 to 330 degrees C and temperature of 10% weight loss (T(10)) from 325 to 520 degrees C in N(2). These polymers in NMP solution exhibited strong UV-vis absorption maxima at 320 nm and their fluorescence emission peaks appeared around 425-450 nm. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 121: 3679-3688, 2011″
“Autocorrelation has been viewed as a problem in telemetry studies because sequential observations are not independent in time or space, therefore violating assumptions for statistical inference. Yet nearly all ecological and behavioural data are autocorrelated in both space and time.

) Keissler, Aspergillus fumigatus Fresenius, Aspergillus niger va

) Keissler, Aspergillus fumigatus Fresenius, Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. and Penicillium citrii. Six concentrations, namely 100, 300, 500, 700, 900 and 1000 ppm of each of the five Sapitinib flavonoids were employed by means of the poisoned medium technique. All concentrations of the five test flavonoids significantly suppressed fungal growth. However, the specificity

of different test compounds was evident against different fungal species. In general, antifungal activity of the flavonoids was gradually increased by increasing their concentrations. The highest concentration (of 1000 ppm) of compounds 1-5 reduced the growth of different target fungal species by 63-97%, 56-96%, 76-99%, 76-98% and 82-96%, respectively.”
“Noninvasive imaging of cardiac electrical function has begun to move towards clinical adoption. Here, we consider one common formulation of the problem, in which the goal is to estimate the spatial distribution of electrical activation times during a cardiac cycle. We address the challenge of understanding the robustness and uncertainty of solutions to this formulation. This formulation poses

a nonconvex, nonlinear least squares optimization problem. We show that it can be relaxed to be convex, at the cost of some degree of physiological realism of the solution set, and that this relaxation can be used as a framework to study model inaccuracy and solution uncertainty. We present two examples, one using data from a healthy human subject and the other synthesized with the ECGSIM software package. In the first selleck compound case, we consider uncertainty in the initial guess and regularization parameter. In the second case, we mimic the presence of an ischemic zone in

the heart in a way which violates a model assumption. We show that the convex relaxation allows understanding of spatial distribution of parameter sensitivity in the first case, and identification of model violation in the second.”
“A detailed phytochemical study of the n-BuOH-soluble fraction of the 95% EtOH extract of red yeast rice fermented with this website the fungus Monascus pilosus BCRC 38072 (Eurotiaceae) revealed a new azaphilone derivative, namely monascusazaphilol (1) (rel-(3S,3aR,9aR)-3-(1-hydroxydecyl)-9a-methyl-6-((E)-propenyl)-3a, 4,8,9a-tetrahydro-3H-furo[3,2-g]isochromene-2,9-dione), along with ten known compounds (2-11). Their structures were established by direct interpretation of their spectral data, mainly high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS), 1D and 2D NMR (COSY, ROESY, HSQC and HMBC), and comparison of the spectroscopic data with those reported for structurally related compounds. We also evaluated the inhibitory effects of some isolates on the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Among the isolates, compounds 1-3 inhibited TNF-alpha production in U937 cells in vitro, and the IC50 values were 1.

The study design was a randomized clinical trial conducted on 51

The study design was a randomized clinical trial conducted on 51 elderly women (> 60 years) with UUI. All were treated

with 12 weeks of bladder retraining and pelvic floor muscle exercises, and 25 were randomly selected to receive TTNS in addition to the standard therapy. The cases were evaluated at the baseline and after the end of therapy by 3-day bladder diary, quality of life questionnaires (QoL), and subjective response.

Of the patients, 68.0% in TTNS group reported cure or improvement vs. 34.6% in the control group (P = 0.017). TTNS showed significant improvement in most areas of QoL and in UUI parameters when compared with the control group.

TTNS is efficacious to treat UUI in older women.”
“Background: Recent research suggests that central pulse pressure may be a better indicator of cardiovascular disease outcomes than brachial pressure. Little information is available regarding the effect of food intake on postprandial selleck chemicals central pressure and other measures of arterial stiffness when measured with a noninvasive signaling pathway pulse wave analysis (PWA) technique.

Objective: The objective was to investigate the effects of water and food plus water intake on brachial and central blood pressure (BP) and measures of arterial stiffness,

including augmentation pressure and augmentation index, by using the PWA technique.

Design: Measurements of BP and PWA were made at fasting and for 2 h after the intake of water or breakfast (1300 kJ) in random order in 35 subjects.

Results: Roscovitine solubility dmso Baseline fasting measures of BP and arterial stiffness were not significantly different before the 2 interventions. Consumption of food plus water, compared with water alone, led to a significantly lower (all P < 0.01) brachial diastolic pressure (difference: -3.8 mm Hg), central BP(difference: systolic, -6.1 mm Hg; diastolic, -3.8 mm Hg), central pulse pressure (difference: -2.4 mm Hg), mean arterial pressure (difference: -4.6 mm Hg), augmentation pressure (difference: -2.9 mm Hg), and augmentation index (difference: -5.3 mm Hg).

Conclusions: Markers of central hemodynamics are sensitive to feeding

state and therefore should be measured at fasting to avoid variability due to recent (within 2-3 h) food intake. This is especially important when measurements are repeated over time to assess the effect of medication or lifestyle changes on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;90:298-303.”
“The piezoresistant effect in conducting fiber-filled composites has been studied by a continuum percolation model. Simulation was performed by a Monte Carlo method that took into account both the deformation-induced fiber bending and rotation. The percolation threshold was found to rise with the compression strain, which explains the observed positive piezoresistive coefficients in such composites. The simulations unveiled the effect of the microstructure evolution during deformation.

In this study, the capabilities of twenty-five strains of filamen

In this study, the capabilities of twenty-five strains of filamentous fungi to transform AA were screened. Two new and one known oxidation products metabolized

by Fusarium avenaceum AS 3.4594 were isolated. Their chemical structures were characterized as 2-oxo-3 beta,15a,23-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (1), 3-oxo-2,15a,23-trihydroxyurs-1,12-dien-28-oic Selleckchem QNZ acid (2), and 2-oxo-3 beta,23-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic-acid (3) by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data.”
“In a continuation to our study on the marine sponge Haliclona species we have isolated three new cytotoxic components of sphingolipids (1-3). Methanolysis of the sphingolipid 1a-d in methanol produces fatty acid methyl ester. GC/MS was used to determine the length. The structure of each isolated compound has been determined on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence.”

Neonates Metabolism inhibitor after perinatal asphyxia are at increased risk of thrombocytopenia. The correlation between perinatal asphyxia and the risk and severity of early-onset thrombocytopenia is not well known.


To estimate the incidence, severity and risk factors for early-onset thrombocytopenia in neonates after perinatal asphyxia.


We included all newborns (gestational

age >= 36weeks) admitted to our neonatal nursery due to perinatal asphyxia in this retrospective study. We collected platelet counts that were obtained within the first 48h of life to estimate the incidence and severity of early-onset thrombocytopenia.


A total number of 171 Stem Cell Compound Library neonates with perinatal asphyxia were included in the study. The incidence of early-onset thrombocytopenia (platelet count<150×10(9)/l) was 51% (87/171). Several factors were associated with increased risk of early-onset thrombocytopenia, including prolonged prothrombin time (PT) [odds ratio (OR) 1 center dot 18, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1 center dot 08-1 center dot 30, P<0 center dot 01], prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)

(OR 1 center dot 07, 95% CI 1 center dot 03-1 center dot 11, P<0 center dot 01), low Apgar score at 10min (OR 1 center dot 25, 95% CI 1 center dot 08-1 center dot 45, P<0 center dot 01) and high serum lactate (OR 1 center dot 12, 95% CI 1 center dot 06-1 center dot 19, P<0 center dot 01). After multiple logistic regression analysis, we found an independent association between early-onset thrombocytopenia and prolonged PT (OR 1 center dot 15, 95% CI 1 center dot 00-1 center dot 33, P=0 center dot 045) and higher lactate level (OR 1 center dot 15, 95% CI 1 center dot 03-1 center dot 28, P=0 center dot 01).


Early-onset thrombocytopenia occurs frequently in neonates after perinatal asphyxia and is independently associated with PT and lactate level.”
“Five new phenylpropene diglycosides (15), together with three known analogs, have been isolated from an ethanol extract of the bark of Machilus wangchiana.